According to the gov.uk, “EEA EFTA no deal citizens`rights agreement”, the agreement on citizens` rights with the EEA-EFTA states was to protect the rights of British citizens and the EEA-EFTA who had chosen to designate the countries of the other country at home. This would have come into force in a non-agreement scenario.  The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political statement that replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  Before the brexit deadline of spring 2019, the European Union Exit Department (DExEU) and the Civil Emergency Secretariat have developed preparedness and emergency plans for the possibility of a “no-deal” Brexit code-named Operation Yellowhammer – the emergency coordination plan.  In August 2019, it was announced that the firm`s office “could not confirm” that Operation Yellowhammer would be available for a Brexit in the autumn.  On August 18, 2019, it was learned that the policy was still in place and updated.   According to UNCTAD, a Brexit without agreement could have had an impact on third world countries, including Africa.   However, a Brexit without a deal could have brought benefits to China.
 A brexit without a deal could increase EU exports to the UK by $34 billion and $2 billion from Turkey, and China`s exports by $10 billion and US exports by $5 billion. [update] on 2 April 2019, the UK government published 16 publications reporting recommendations on road, rail, air and sea transport, most of which applied to the non-agreement scenario.  The new relationship between the EU and the UK begins, provided an agreement has been reached, approved by the EU Member States, the European Parliament and the British Parliament.