Riv Agreement

Intra-Afghan negotiations are the key to the entire agreement between the United States and the Taliban, as security guarantees will not be valuable if the political differences underlying the conflict are not addressed peacefully. In the absence of a ceasefire and a broader peace agreement that introduces the Taliban into the Afghan political system, Afghanistan is likely to descend into chaos or civil war, which would likely render the taliban and Afghan government`s anti-terrorist guarantees insignificant. While the agreement between the United States and the Taliban states that “the agreement on the first two strands paves the way for the last two strands,” there is no link between the clearly defined timetable for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from the scale of violence against the Afghan government or progress in afghanistan`s internal talks. If the Taliban fulfill their counter-terrorism obligations, they would apparently not violate the letter of the agreement if they resume the insurgency against the government and give themselves an advantage over their current position over the next 14 months if U.S. forces withdraw. It is not clear whether U.S. forces will attack Taliban forces that commit violence against the government or civilians, while the Taliban are fulfilling their counterterrorism commitments. The French, German and English version is provided by UIC. In case of different interpretation, the French version of the IRRIC/A agreement is binding. Access only for RIC/A members.

The agreement between the United States and the Taliban and the joint declaration also concern the release, by 10 March, of 5,000 Taliban prisoners held by the government and 1,000 government prisoners held by the Taliban. This is an early obstacle to intra-Afghanistan negotiations. The Taliban want all 5,000 of their prisoners released as a precondition for talks; the Afghan government wants a gradual release to encourage good faith negotiations. The resolution of this difference could delay intra-Afghanistan discussions beyond 10 March. “Everything seems too good to be true,” Hamayun, a Kabul resident, told Al Jazeera. “I remain skeptical and do not fully trust the three parties to maintain the RIV agreement,” he said. Since 1922, the RIC has been an agreement on the replacement and use of passenger cars in international rail transport. Since then, it has evolved and amended a multilateral treaty between the signatories. The European Union Railway Agency has confirmed that vehicles used prior to the entry into force of the fourth rail package on the basis of the RIV (Regolamento Internazionale Veicoli) or RIC (Regolamento Internazionale Carrozze) agreements will continue to be authorised on the basis of these agreements and in the areas where they are actually used. The agreement was reached during negotiations between U.S.

and Taliban officials, which began in 2018 as part of a breakthrough by U.S. President Donald Trump`s administration to sign an agreement with the armed group that has been fighting U.S.-led NATO forces in Afghanistan since the fall of 2001. Issues relating to Afghanistan`s political future are not addressed in the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, including maintaining a democratic system of governance and respecting fundamental rights and freedoms. The agreement states that the Taliban`s commitments apply “until the formation of the new Afghan Islamic government after colonization, as determined by intra-Afghan dialogue.” The form of this government is the subject of internal negotiations in Afghanistan rather than an agreement between a foreign government and an unrecognized insurgent group. But the U.S. silence on the final state should be a source of pessimism for Afghans who fear a return to the Taliban regime. In practice, the United States will have great flexibility in implementing the agreement. Although the full details of the Taliban`s counter-terrorism commitments are not publicly available, it is unlikely that the broad-language Taliban will prohibit any group from threatening the United States from territories

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