If the so-called Abraham Agreements put Iran and its pro-terrorism deputies on their feet, that is fine. If they ensure that Israel does not live up to the reality that its continued control over the lives of millions of Palestinians threatens its democratic character, the Palestinian aspiration for citizenship and the Israeli dream of a free and strong democratic port in the Jewish homeland could be sacrificed. Prime Minister Netanyahu said there was “no change” in plans to cancel parts of the West Bank if approved by the United States, but added that they would be temporarily suspended.  Prior to the agreement, the plan to annex the West Bank by 30% had already been frozen, with the majority of Israelis and government coalition partners Benny Gantz rejecting the plan. Hundreds of thousands of Israeli settlers live in the territories, in addition to Palestinians who in practice were under Israeli control.  (B) Ben Salman, without whom these Gulf countries, especially Bahrain, would not dare venture, needs this agreement for the same reason: he must prove to the democrats (and the Europeans) that he is a constructive and moderate leader, not just a murderer of dissidents.  “Dubai DP World and the Israeli group to offer together for the port of Haifa,” al Jazeera www.aljazeera.com/ajimpact/dubai-dp-world-israeli-group-jointly-bid-haifa-port-200916133311485.html, September 16, 2020. The government of Oman has publicly supported the agreement (which it described as “historic”).  The Grand Mufti of Oman, Ahmed bin Hamad al-Khalili, indirectly criticized the treaty.  Ahmed Mulla Talal, spokesman for the Iraqi government, said that Iraq would not interfere in the sovereign affairs of other countries, but that its laws did not allow for the normalization of relations with Israel.
 Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) official Hanan Ashrawi criticized the agreement and wrote on Twitter: “Israel has been rewarded for not openly declaring what it has done illegally and stubbornly to Palestine since the beginning of the occupation.”  Fatah accused the United Arab Emirates of “despising their national, religious and humanitarian duties” towards the Palestinian people, while Hamas declared it a “traitor sting in the back of the Palestinian people”, saying that the agreement was a “free reward” for the “crimes and violations of the Palestinian people”.  Protests and demonstrations have taken place in many cities in Pakistan to condemn the agreement between the United Arab Emirates and Israel.  However, when Iran considerations come into play, China has reason to be nervous. Beijing wants to deepen diplomatic, economic and military relations with Tehran, which could make the agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates more difficult and riskier for the Chinese. The Trump administration`s decision to withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan (JCPOA) and exert “maximum pressure” on Iran in the form of extensive and severe sanctions has had a negative impact on Beijing.